Núria Fuster & David Hanes at Passatge Studio / Barcelona

Núria Fuster & David Hanes Record Material

Curated by Àngels Miralda

Passatge Studio, Barcelona
10 - 21 December 2016

CMD+Burn = 
singe, flicker, smoulder, flare, burst, blaze, incinerate, scorch, sear, char.

Even a solid such as glass is considered a liquid in a broader scheme of time.

Moving the colour from one pixel to another, when does the image disappear and claim a new identity? How much does time and flame and pressure need to be applied to create a new combination of matter?

The current state of an object makes reference to combinations of molecules that have existed in previous forms. A past performance or action creates a new surface or image through causal chains. The moment of the original is the identification of an object in an infinite history of atomic interactions that go through constant processes and transformations. The image is still 
transforming, the object is still decaying, eroding, in its long half-life, each JPEG file loses information with each successive compression.

The exhibition forms connections between the ephemerality of the 
photograph and the recombination of matter, the instantaneousness of online images and a connection to the painterly. 

NOTE: The curator gives the audience a list of ingredients for the 
exhibition. We could go into a lot more detail so let’s call this list a 
Mixed in with the ingredients is also a list of processes. 
But without the instructions, they are simply a set of clues.  

False Friend
Is the term for two words that are spelled the same in different languages but have different meanings. The term comes from the original French phrase faux amis du traducteur. 
The title of the exhibition has slightly different meanings in English and 
Catalan. Record is both an act of mark-making and a souvenir, a sudden 
memory, and a permanent archival proof. Material does not change its meaning, it is matter, stuff, the physical volume that makes up the artwork.

Is the acronym for Graphics Interchange Format, an image format developed by Steve Wilhite in 1987. It is a popular format on the internet for simple images such as logos. GIF files are able to create animations and graphics by storing multiple images in a single file. The typical time of a GIF animation is a loop of just a couple of seconds. Although it is possible to make longer GIF files, longer files with more complex visuals are normally stored as .mov or .mp4.
In 2012 the word was added to the American Oxford University Press as a new word in the English language. Its application as both a verb and a noun describes it as a medium. It was pronounced the 2012 word of the year for its importance in research and journalism. 
GIF can be pronounced either with a soft or hard G. The creators insist that the pronunciation is with a soft G which led to an intense internet controversy in 2013 in which 17,000 Tweets and 50 news articles mentioned the scandal. 

Gum Rubber
Is the word used to differentiate natural rubber from the synthetic version. 
Latex can be “tapped” from trees by making incisions into the bark and capturing the sticky, milky liquid. Uncured rubber is used in cements and adhesives, while cured rubber is applied widely for its waterproof  qualities, elasticity, and electrical resistance.
The Para rubber tree is indigenous to South America and was first studied by Enlightenment scientists in the 18th century. In 1770 the British scientist Joseph Priestly observed that a piece of rubber was good for erasing pencil marks. However, rubber has been used for thousands of years, produced by the Olmec civilisation who later passed on their knowledge to the Maya. They produced balls for the “Ollamaliztli” Mesoamerican ballgame. The ball was made of solid rubber leaving players perpetually bruised.

Is the acronym for Joint Photographic Experts Group. The JPEG file was developed for realistic images and photographs with smooth colour transitions. It is highly popular on the web for its small file sizes while keeping a defined image. The JPEG is not well suited to files that undergo multiple edits and transformations as the file tends to compress each time and loses information. JPEGs use “lossy compression” which means that some information from the file is lost and cannot be recovered, compromising the image quality. 

Nylon String
Is commonly used for fishing line for its breaking strength, stretch, resistance, and invisibility. 

Composed of polymers joined by carbamates, Polyurethane is an element in clothing, mattresses, car seats, and even hard plastics that surround us day-to-day. Discovered in 1937 by Otto Bayer in Leverkusen, Germany, they became commercially available in the 1950’s replacing older forms of plastic for its flexibility as well as hard-use abilities. 

(CMD+Z = undo)

Psycho (film, Alfred Hitchcock, 1960)
Directed by Alfred Hitchcock and based on the novel by Robert Bloch, it is considered a first example of slasher films in the horror genre and set a new standard for violence, deviance, and sexuality in American filmmaking. The film received critical acclaim winning four academy award nominations. 

Janet Leigh famously portrayed the main character Marion Crane who unconventionally dies early in the film in a violent shower scene where she is stabbed with a kitchen knife by Norman Bates. Although Leigh was awarded the Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actress, the film had eventual consequences on the actress’s personal life. She was so traumatised by the shower scene that she went through great lengths to avoid showering for the rest of her life. After the film was premiered Leigh received a number of letters, calls, tapes from men who would write to her detailing what they would like to do to Marion Crane. 

Is a process through which solid materials change directly into gaseous materials without going through an intermediary liquid state. Sublimation is an endothermic phase transition which occurs when certain temperature and pressure values allow the transmutation. For instance, water goes through the process of sublimation when the sun acts directly on the top layer of a 
snowfield. The volume of snow will diminish as the top particles become vapour without producing water. The process of sublimation has been known for centuries, alchemists believed it to be an important step towards the production of a magnum opus or prima materia.
Sir George Ripley, 15th century alchemist and student of the writings of Ramon Llull, spoke of the mystical and spiritual properties of sublimation. It connects with the purification of the spirit from the body.

“And Sublimations we make for three causes,
The first cause is to make the body spiritual.
The second is that the spirit may be corporeal,
And become fixed with it and consubstantial.
The third cause is that from its filthy original.
It may be cleansed, and its saltiness sulphurious
May be diminished in it, which is infectious.”
- Sir George Ripley

Dye Sublimation is the process whereby a computer printer uses heat to transfer dye onto selected materials. Although the term 
“sublimation” is used to describe the process, this has been shown to be incorrect as the dye does pass through a brief liquid state. The 
process is now sometimes referred to as Dye-Diffusion but this 
proper term has not eliminated the original name. The process of dye sublimation requires multiple polyester ribbons which eject one colour at a time onto the selected medium. Print rollers move the 
medium and the dye panels together while tiny heating elements layer the dye in differing quantities depending on the amount of heat applied. This process is widely used for textile printing due to its 
durability, and that the dye does not build up on fabric. Its main 
applications are banners, sportswear, and flags.

WHITE+SHADOW>IMAGES = > If  > Canvas Size > Set Selection > Copy > Paste > Make Layer > Move current Layer > Fill > Select Layer “Layer 1” > Set Layer Styles of current Layer > Play Action 

Is a rewritable data storage device with up to a 10-year shelf-life. The USB replaced previous technologies of CDs and floppy disks. Most computers were equipped with floppy disk drives as well as USB ports until 2005 when the floppy disk became obsolete. The USB has the advantage of being able to store more data while taking up less space as well as lasting longer due to not having any moving parts. USB technology has increasingly focused on decreasing the size of the device while increasing storage capacities. Some companies differentiate themselves by producing bulky and novelty casings for the USB device. USB sticks with images of dragons, cats, and aliens are very popular in Asia and have also been adapted for use on everyday items such as watches, keychains, pens, and swiss army knives. 

An organic compound that is malleable and resists water. Waxes are synthesized in many plants and animals, the most famous example is 
beeswax secreted into hives. Other insects also secrete wax. In mammals, large amounts of wax are produced in the head cavities of the Sperm Whale in a wax-type called Spermaceti. The large amounts of wax in the whale’s head may help with echolocation of prey using the Doppler Effect. 
Wax is an important material in the history of mark-making as early languages were recorded in wax-tablets. It was usually found in a wooden frame with wax in the centre convenient as a portable and reusable writing source.

Descartes’ Wax Argument
“but let us consider one body in particular. Let us take, for example, this piece of wax: it has been taken quite freshly from the hive, and it has not yet lost the sweetness of the honey which it contains; it still retains somewhat of the odour of the flowers from which it has been culled; its colour, its figure, its size are apparent; it is hard, cold, easily handled, and if you strike it with the finger, it will emit a sound. Finally all the things which are requisite to cause us 
distinctly to recognise a body, are met with in it. But notice that while I speak and approach the fire what remained of the taste is exhaled, the smell evaporates, the colour alters, the figure is 
destroyed, the size increases, it becomes liquid, it heats, scarcely can one handle it, and when one strikes it, no sound is emitted. Does the same wax remain after this change?”
René Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy